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Basic First Aid Instructions: How to Deal With Soccer Injuries

Let's face it - things happen. But knowing the basic first aid instructions will come handy in any unexpected situations.

The first aid for all strains and sprains until you can get to the doctor is a RICE formula.:

  • Rest Have your child sit quietly without moving injured area
  • Ice Apply an ice pack wrapped in a towel to the injured area for 10-15 minutes
  • Compression Wrap the injured area with elastic bandage
  • Elevation Raise the injured area above the heart

Over the next three days keep applying an ice to the injured area several times a day for 10-15 minutes. After swelling is gone you can do soaks in warm water or heat applications that will help reduce stiffness and increase a blood flow.

Standard treatment for any injury except a fracture:

First three days: icing for 15 minutes every 2 hours (Begin manipulating an injured joint during the cold treatment) every two hours.

Second three days: 1 minute warm, 3 minutes cold 5 times a day.

Third three days: 2 minutes warm , 2 minutes cold 2- 5 times a day.

Fourth three days: 3 minutes warm, 1 minute cold. Stretch and strengthen the affected area with exercises continually.

"How to" treatments for:




  • Always wear socks when you are wearing good-fitting shoes
  • Use a doughnut-shaped pad around the blaster
  • Apply a skin lubricant like Vaseline over the blaster
  • Keep the damaged area clean


Bloody nose


  • Put the player in sitting position with keeping the head forward
  • Put ice on the bridge of the nose
  • Pinch the nostrils closed until bleeding stops
  • Appling pressure on the upper lip may help stop bleeding


Dealing with cramp


Cramp is sudden, painful, contraction of a group of muscles. It may be caused by too much lactic acid in muscles or by dehydration. Drinking plenty of water helps with cramps

Calf muscles cramp - ask someone to straighten your knee and gently push your foot up towards your shin.
Foot cramp - someone gently pushes your toes back. It helps to stand on the front part, or "ball", of the foot.
Thigh cramp - lie down, ask someone to straighten your knee and pull your leg up, then push your knee down


Basic First Aid Kit

For treating wounds:11/2 inch training tape; 1,2 and 4 inch roller bandages; wound cleansing wipes; vinyl gloves; anti-septic spray; assorted sticking plasters; sterile swabs; sterile dressings; double-sided no-adhesive dressings.

For slowing swelling: instant ice packs; ice; freeze spray; 2,4 and 6 inch elastic wraps; 2 and 4 inch elastic tape.

For immobilizing a joint: triangular bandage, splints (inflatable, bendable aluminum, wood, etc.)

For breathing: airways, Ambu bag.


This site is designed for informational purposes only and is not engaged in rendering a medical advice or professional services. If you feel that you have a health problem, you should seek the advice of your physician or health care practitioner.